South-South and Triangular Cooperation at the Busan HLF-4


Since the past High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Accra, September 2008, a group of countries and organizations have invested great efforts to promote a global agenda on South-South and Triangular Cooperation (SSC and TrC).

The IV High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, that took place in Busan, Republic of Korea, November 29 to December 1, was a historic opportunity to shape an ambitious but realistic forward-looking agenda to scale up and improve the quality of Southern and Triangular exchanges and effectively contribute to a future Global Partnership for Development. 

Our contribution to Busan included:

  • A thematic session
  • Building Block on South-South and Triangular Cooperation
  • A set of Good Practices and Policy Recommendations
  • Participation at the Knowledge and Innovation Space and a Mini-Debate

Thematic session on SSC and TrC

This session provided an opportunity for in-depth discussion of progress, lessons learned and recommendations arising from countries’ and organisations’ experiences on South-South and Triangular Cooperation. In particular, it featured the conclusions of the analytical work developed by the Task-Team on South-South Cooperation. The debate was enriched with the contribution of other countries, organisations and platforms engaged in South-South and Triangular Cooperation, showcasing their views and experiences

Read the concept note for the session here



'Building Block Proposal': The contribution of SSC and TrC to global development


Partners of this process believe that South-South and Triangular cooperation can play a key role in the emerging development architecture, not only for their contribution to overcome pressing development challenges, but also for the diversity of the practices and experiences shared, the lessons they offer for building common agendas at global and regional levels, and the leaderships they promote, particularly at local levels.

The purpose of this building block is to create a voluntary coalition of countries and organizations to adopt and implement a forward-looking agenda on South-South and Triangular Cooperation, for strengthening capacities at country level, enhancing local ownership, promoting horizontal partnerships and knowledge sharing, and achieving sustainable development outcomes. Therefore, this collective initiative is expected to be linked-up to the global partnership for development to be agreed at the HLF-4.

With this perspective, a group of 30 partner countries and organizations have jointly worked on a “building block” proposal presented in plenary session at the HLF-4 during day 2, November 30.


Members of the building block

 What is a Building Block?

Read the full text of the Building Block Proposal

View Power Point Presentation on the Building Block Proposal


Good Practice Paper: Towards Effective South-South and Triangular Cooperation



download [pdf] here  I  versión español


This Good Practice Paper (GPP) aims inform the debate around quality, effectiveness and sustainability of South-South and triangular cooperation and its capacity to contribute to improve performance on poverty reduction and other key development challenges such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

It draws on the findings and lessons from the rich and diverse analytical work gathered under the umbrella of the Task Team on South-South Cooperation (TT-SSC), which includes 32 in-depth case studies on South-South and Triangular Cooperation, particularly focused in the area of knowledge sharing, conducted in collaboration with 28 Southern academic institutions.

In addition, the GPP also takes into consideration more than 160 case stories collected by the TT-SSC since late 2009. Further input emerged from the Southern academia workshops in:

Mexico City (27 January 2011), Johannesburg (5-7 June 2011) and Bangkok (15-16 June 2011), and in-depth consultations with case study authors at the regional level. The GPP has also benefitted from the outcomes of the Bali workshop on triangular cooperation (28 February – 2 March 2011) and the good practices identified by the Steering Group of the G20 Development Working Group Pillar on Knowledge Sharing.

Culminating two years of analysis and debate, the pre-final version of the GPP was discussed and validated with 140 policy-makers, practitioners and academia during the Bogota workshop on South-South and Triangular cooperation on 27-28 September 2011. It will now be presented at the Cannes G20 Summit (3-4 November 2011) and the Busan High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (29 November - 1 December 2011).


Policy Recommendations: How to unlock the potential of SSC?

Working at the crossroads of policy, practice and analysis, and using a groundbreaking methodology, the Task Team on South-South Cooperation uses the power of collaborative networks to understand the dynamics of South-South Cooperation and Triangular Cooperation, to document good practices, and to recommend on how unlock its potential to foster development effectiveness.

Based on the results of the analytical work, and a lively process of consultations with our partners, the TT-SSC presents the a set of recommendations to be taken into account during the Busan HLF-4.


Read the policy recommendations



Mini-Debate "South‐South and Triangular Cooperation: An inclusive approach for better development cooperation”

Knowledge and Innovation Space: Debating SSC and TrC at Busan

At the heart of the HLF4, the Knowledge and Innovation Space showcased 95 e-Posters presenting innovative ideas, tools and initiatives in development cooperation that have led to improved development outcomes. 17 of them will present evidence on SSC and TrC, generated by 28 academic institutions from the developing world with the support and coordination of the TT-SSC.

In addition to creating opportunities for informal interaction, sharing of knowledge and good practices among HLF4 participants, the Knowledge and Innovation Space will host 28 Mini-Debates and 14 Knowledge Workshops, providing a unique opportunity to discuss in greater detail the ideas, initiatives and tools introduced in the e-Posters.

We hosted the Mini-Debate: South‐South and Triangular Cooperation: An inclusive approach for better development cooperation” on December 1, 2011. More details, including speakers and concept note, can be found here.


Explore the 17 e-posters selected to represent South-South and Triangular Cooperation at the Knowledge and Innovation Space in Busan:



About Busan









South-South Cooperation Exchange Mechanism. First online portal dedicated to SSC for sustainable development.

Mapping Multilateral Support to South-South Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Towards Collaborative Approaches. UNDP, 2011. Download PDF (English version) (Versión en Español)


IDB  Magazine - Regional Public Goods: An innovative approach to South-South Cooperation, 2014 version here in English and Spanish.

Using Knowledge Exchange for Capacity Development: What Works in Global Practice? KDI and The World Bank Institute



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