Document Library

ARTICLE. Coming Together: How a New Global Partnership on Development Cooperation was Forged at the Busan High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (ARI). Real Instituto Elcano. By Homi Kharas.

Adapting development cooperation to the new aid ecosystem requires an understanding of how new players and new circumstances are changing aid effectiveness. Read more>>

ARTÍCULO. Cambian los tiempos, cambian las voluntades: motivos para celebrar la cooperación sur-sur. Fundación Carolina. Por: Bruno Ayllón Pino.

Un día como hoy, hace treinta y tres años, la Asamblea General (A/RES/33/134) hizo suyas las recomendaciones de la Conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre Cooperación Técnica entre Países en Desarrollo que originaron el Plan de Acción de Buenos Aires (PABA) suscrito por 138 países, en septiembre de 1978. Leer más>>

MAGAZINE. Inter-American Development Bank - Regional Public Goods: An innovative approach to South-South Cooperation (English) (Español)

OFFICIAL SURVEY. Monitoring the Paris Declaration. When developed and developing countries committed themselves to the 2005 Paris Declaration principles for achieving more effective aid, they agreed not only to a set of principles, but also to meeting a set of measurable targets by 2010. This is an important feature of the Paris Declaration, providing a tool for donors and developing countries to hold each other to account. Read more>> 

LIBRO. África y la cooperación con el Sur desde el Sur. Mbuyi Kabunda (coord.). Septiembre 2011

¿Cuál ha sido el verdadero motivo del fracaso de la cooperación para el desarrollo en África? ¿Por qué no se acerca el final del subdesarrollo y la dependencia, ni se van a alcanzar los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio en el continente? Leer más>>

ESTUDIO. Nuevos donantes y cooperación Sur-Sur: estudios de caso Instituto Complutense de Estudios Internacionales. Octubre 2011

La cooperación Sur-Sur es uno de los fenómenos más relevantes acontecidos en el sistema internacional. Con esta nueva modalidad de cooperación, los países en desarrollo asumen un rol de donante y ponen sus recursos, capacidades y experiencias a disposición de otros países con menor o similar nivel de renta. Leer más>>


PAPER. Aid Effectiveness: Bringing country ownership (and politics) back in. By: David Booth. ODI Working Papers 336. August 2011 

The 2005 Paris Declaration grew out of a consensus on the importance of ‘country ownership’ to the success of development efforts. In other words, it came to be recognised that the effectiveness of aid depends critically on whether or not a country’s leadership is really committed to development. The obvious question arising, then and now, is: how can international actors support the emergence of country-owned development efforts? Since Paris and Accra, however, attention has been focused on a subtly different question. The assumption is tacitly made that most countries already have development-oriented political leaderships. This paper considers that assumption untenable and agrees with those arguing that ownership should be treated as a desirable outcome, not an achieved state of affairs. Read more>>


Cooperación Sur-Sur sin restricciones. Por Marwaan Macan-Markar. IPS news

China and India Score with Untied Aid. By Marwaan Macan-Markar. IPS news

PAPER. FRIDE.  Why Europe must tune-in to the multi polar development agenda? By Nils Sjard-Schulz. July 2011. Read more>>

Developing countries from all regions are becoming increasingly self-confident providers of ideas and resources, but are reluctant to engage formally in the global development institutions. In this changing dynamic, Europe’s future role in the international community will largely depend on a better understanding of the global governance of development, but also on building stronger peer-to-peer relations with the still hesitant emerging economies and other developing countries. 


CASE STUDIES. JICA. Case Studies In Capacity Development in Power Sector With South-South Cooperation Components. March 2011 Download>>

OFFICIAL DOCUMENT. African Consensus and Position on Aid Policy. 

Representatives of the Member States of the African Union, Parliaments, Regional Economic Communities, Civil Society, Business, Academia and regional institutions, together with development partners, present for the first-time in history, a common Position and Consensus on Aid Policy at the global level, based on their context, needs and priorities. 

PAPER. The role of aid to middle-income countries: a contribution to evolving European Union (EU) development policy ODI Working Papers 331, July 2011 By: Jonathan Glennie
How much aid should be provided to middle-income countries (MICs)? And what should it be spent on? These are among the most debated issues in development cooperation, particularly in the European Union (EU).This paper provides broad recommendations for continuing EU support to Middle Income Countries (MICs), backed by a detailed review of current evidence, thinking and practice.

EXPERT COMMENT. Are ’Horizontal Partnerships’ the key to move the Paris Declaration forward in Busan? By Lars Engber-Pedersen, Danish Institute for International Studies, DIIS. July 13-2011.

The implementation of the Paris Declaration has lost steam. It lacks sufficient high-level political support and it is carried out within a framework of unequal relations between donors and receivers. South-South cooperation may provide the impetus for a necessary reform of development cooperation. 


BLOG. Let's Move Beyond Open Data to Open Development By ALEEM WALJI. July 2011

From The World Bank´s Let´s Talk Development Blog

The Sunday Business section of the New York Times prominently featured an image of a huge vault overflowing with bits and bytes. It was a story about the Bank’s Open Data initiative and claimed that datasets and information will ultimately become more valuable than Bank lending. It’s a powerful idea and one that sounds similar to the knowledge bank articulated by Jim Wolfensohn nearly ten years ago. But there is an important distinction between the two. 


ARTICLE. Kofi Annan: The Power of Partnerships in Africa. From the Huffington Post. May 2011

"We at the Africa Progress Panel are convinced that partnerships harnessing a broader range of actors and their energy, creativity and resources can provide at least part of the solution. In this year's Africa Progress Report, which we launched yesterday at the World Economic Forum on Africa, we call on leaders in all sectors, including government, business, and civil society, to do more to strengthen, replicate and scale-up existing partnerships, but also to identify and consider new forms and areas of collaboration". 


FEATURED MAGAZINE. Development Outreach. The South-South Opportunity. The World Bank Institute. October, 2010.

This issue of Development Outreach takes stock of some new and existing models of Southern-led and Triangular cooperation and knowledge exchange. We know the models are shifting when Mexico exports an innovative poverty reduction tool to New York City, and Brazil increases its humanitarian aid by 20-fold over a three-year period (The Economist, July 2010).


REPORT. Reflexiones Prácticas sobre CooperaciónTriangular, 2011, CIDEAL.

The document presents the conclusions of the research work that followed the Workshop "Triangular Cooperation: Analysis of methodologies and experiences" organized by the CIDEAL Foundation for Cooperation and Research with the support of the Secretary of International Cooperation of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Spain, July 1, 2010. (Spanish only).


REPORT. World Development Report, 2011. World Bank.

More than 1.5 billion people live in countries affected by violent conflict.
The World Development Report 2011: Conflict, Security, and Development examines the changing nature of violence in the 21st century, and underlines the negative impact of repeated cycles of violence on a country or region’s development prospects. Preventing violence and building peaceful states that respond to the aspirations of their citizens requires strong leadership and concerted national and international efforts. The Report is based on new research, case studies and extensive consultations with leaders and development practitioners throughout the world.


ARTICLE. Learning how to learn: 8 lessons for impact evaluations that make a difference. By: Ben Ramalingam. ODI Background Notes, 2011.

This Background Note outlines key lessons on impact evaluations, utilisation-focused evaluations and evidence-based policy. Drawing on recent and ongoing work by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), the Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP), the International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) and others, it is aimed at researchers, policy-makers and practitioners working on development and humanitarian issues.


PRESS ARTICLE. What's driving the rise of southern aid agencies? . Jonathan Glennie. The Guardian. January 20, 2011 

South Africa's new aid agency confirms that we are entering an era where it is normal to give aid as well as receive it – but what are its motivations?


PRESS ARTICLE. The rise of emerging-market think-tanks. The Economist. January 26, 2011. 

The rise of new economic powers is inexorably bringing the rise of new intellectual powers, too. For decades American think-tanks have ruled the world. They have the finest facilities, the cleverest scholars and the best lunches. They have defined the terms of the global debate and provided America's hard power with a halo of soft power.


PAPER. ECLAC. Brazil and India: Two BRICs for a 'building bloc' for South-south Cooperation. By Mikio Kuwayama, Chief of the International Trade Unit, Division of International Trade and Integration of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). December 2010


PRESS ARTICLE. Aid spending and aid received: does more aid mean more development?. Jonathan Glennie . The Guardian. September 15, 2010.

Who are the big aid givers? And which countries receive the most aid? More importantly, what is the link between the two?


ARTICLE. Civilian-Military Cooperation in Achieving Aid Effectiveness. By: Margaret L. Taylor, Brookings Institution, September 2010

Another international stabilization, reconstruction and state-building effort on the scale of the recent efforts in Iraq or Afghanistan is unlikely in the foreseeable future. However, there will continue to be a substantial number of insecure and fragile areas where effective international aid will be needed but difficult to provide. Recent efforts to assess international aid effectiveness in fragile states have provided a framework of general principles and have begun the difficult work of assessing donors' efforts according to those principles...


MAGAZINE. South- South Cooperation: The same old game or new paradigm?. Poverty in Focus. International Policy entre for Inclusive Growth. Poverty Practice, Bureau for Development Policy, UNDP. No 20. Brazilia DF, Brazil  

Ten Featured articles on South-South Cooperation from different geopolitical perspectives.


ARTICLE. The third wave of development players. Nils-Sjard Schulz, FRIDE Policy Brief, November 2010.

The Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Summit in September illustrated that traditional aid donors and the big emerging economies are reviewing their respective roles as global development players, but failing to build actual commitments.

Meanwhile, a third group of development providers has quietly entered the stage. The CIVETS group, which encompasses Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa, is not only attractive to global investors; it also brings a new wave of development partnerships that go beyond the rich-poor logic and promote South-South knowledge exchange and peer-to-peer learning.


MAGAZINE. South-South In Action, Summer 2010, UNDP, Media Global Publication.

A collection of 11 articles on South-South Cooperation.


ARTICLE. Brazilian Cooperation: a model under construction for an emerging power (ARI), Bruno Ayllon, Real Instituto Elcano, 2010.

The media, analysts and markets have focused a great deal of attention on the consolidation of Brazil as an emerging power, mainly in the economic and global governance spheres. However, there is little information and few studies on aid and cooperation as an instrument of Brazilian foreign policy or on Brazil’s role in the new architecture of aid, despite its increasing presence in Africa and its leading role in debates on international development.


REPORT. Report on South-South Cooperation in Iberoamerica, 2010, SEGIB

Informe de la Cooperación Sur-Sur en Iberoamerica, 2010, SEGIB.


ARTICLE. South-South Co-operation must be rooted in policy dialogue, by: Rathin Roy, 2010.

In the year 2000 the debate on global economic governance was firmly situated in the G-8. The WTO was seen as parochial, yet joining it was inevitable, given the seemingly unstoppable march towards openness and globalisation. The Washington Consensus was applied in exacting detail across the globe. The governance structure of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank were closed. China was a source of cheap labour and new markets. Turkey, India, and Brazil were seen as poor economic performers with little political voice. There was no African voice on the landscape. The Small Island developing States (SIDS) were seen as special cases, peripheral to the global dialogue.


PAPER. South-South Development Cooperation in Context. Better Aid, 2010.

The world today faces multiple interlinked financial, economic, food, climate, energy and care crises, with the most serious consequences affecting the already impoverished and marginalized groups in developing countries, of which a disproportional number are women. With the prospects of economic stagnation looming on the horizon in the developed world, poor countries are increasingly looking towards other developing economies for greater trade, investments and development cooperation as they seek individually and collectively to meet the profound challenges they face at present. Versión Español


PAPER. Cooperación Sur-Sur: innovación y transformación en la cooperación internacional, Bruno Ayllon
, Fundación Carolina, 2009.

El surgimiento de la Cooperación Sur-Sur (CSS) se ha vinculado al éxito de algunos países del Sur que alcanzaron apreciables niveles de desarrollo y adquirieron nuevas tecnologías y competencias en áreas como la ingeniería, la electrónica, la energía, la agricultura o las comunicaciones. En la adquisición de estas capacidades, la cooperación internacional recibida tuvo un papel capital. No es posible comprender la lógica de la CSS sin hacer referencia al proceso de surgimiento de la conciencia del Sur y a su manifestación en las relaciones internacionales a partir de la Conferencia de Bandung (1955), cuando la solidaridad entre los países en desarrollo se convierte en una herramienta y un objetivo del llamado “Tercer Mundo”. (Spanish Only)


PAPER. Triangular Cooperation and Aid Effectiveness. Talita Yamashiro Folderone, OECD, 2009.

Can triangular co‐operation make aid more effective? Judging by recent international declarations,governments think it can. They say that better results can be achieved when Southern partners and “traditional” donors (i.e. members of the OECD Development Assistance Committee – DAC) join forces through triangular co‐operation. Two examples: first, Brazil, Canada and Norway working together in Haiti; second, South Africa and Canada collaborating with Burundi, Rwanda and Southern Sudan.


BOOK. Enhancing South-South and Triangular Cooperation, UNDP, 2009

 Study of the Current Situation and Existing Good Practices in Policy, Institutions, and Operation of South-South and Triangular Cooperation Study commissioned by the Special Unit for South-South Cooperation. Documento ejecutivo español

ARTICLE. How different disciplines have approached south-south cooperation and transfer. Tavis D. Jules, Michelle Morais de sá e Silva. Society for International Education Journal. Volume 5, No 1. The Society for International Education Cambridge University. 2008  

The study of South-South transfer is an interdisciplinary undertaking. Although the concept of a geopolitical South is highly questionable, the notion of cooperative efforts among individuals, institutions, peoples and governments of countries that have been labeled poor, developing and currently ‘The South1’ has awakened the interest of researchers coming from different disciplines in the social sciences.


South-South Cooperation Exchange Mechanism. First online portal dedicated to SSC for sustainable development.

Mapping Multilateral Support to South-South Cooperation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Towards Collaborative Approaches. UNDP, 2011. Download PDF (English version) (Versión en Español)


IDB  Magazine - Regional Public Goods: An innovative approach to South-South Cooperation, 2014 version here in English and Spanish.

Using Knowledge Exchange for Capacity Development: What Works in Global Practice? KDI and The World Bank Institute



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