These are useful observations and demonstrate the increasingly important role of South-
The intersection between aid effectiveness and SSC is indeed difficult. The current aid effectiveness agenda was originally devised mainly by donor countries, and the entry of aid recipients and Southern providers into this agenda is relatively recent. The challenge now is to modernize the agenda so that it reflects new realities.
Paragraph 19 of the Accra Agenda for Action provides a promising basis for this. Paragraph 19 (e) is particularly powerful: it states that South-South cooperation emphasizes the importance of non-interference in internal affairs, equality among developing partners and respect for independence, national sovereignty, cultural diversity and identity and local content. This is very strong, forward-looking basis for international cooperation efforts. If North-South cooperation had followed this model from the outset, things would look very different today!
Of the current aid effectiveness agenda, developing country ownership has probably been the toughest nut to crack. Research shows that many Southern stakeholders challenge the conceptualizations of ownership represented in the Paris Declaration. Civil society groups have called for a broadening of the concept so that it reflects “democratic ownership”. Northern donors agree with developing country ownership in theory, but have found it much harder to put into practice. South-South cooperation represents a different take on ownership, and may have important experiences and lessons that can advance current thinking and practice. Yet so far, these lessons are primarily anecdotal, and have not sufficiently entered aid effectiveness policy debates. This is why the TT-SSC analytical studies – and this discussion process – are extremely worthwhile.
Regarding your last point about triangular cooperation I´d like to add that the last report* of Iberoamerican SSC have given especial importance to Triangular cooperation. In fact is one of the main debates and is considered an important instrument to reduce cultural and language barriers, facilitate the participation of new actors in International cooperation and contribute access to new sources on financial development. There are also seeing it as a “link ”between SSC and NSC.
Iberoamerica have implemented this modality of cooperation in three forms of financing:
1. Common: co finance by the traditional donor and the new bidder,
2. Parallel: each bidder manages their own funds on a separate way,
3. Unilateral: the traditional donor finances the Project and the new bidder is in charge of the technical implementation.
The main sectors that have concentrated most of Iberoamerican Triangular cooperation are: agricultural sector (implemented by Argentina and Japan in Peru), fishing (most of the projects by Chile and Japan) and climate change (Germany and Costa Rica in Bolivia), among others.
The experiences have been successful however there is a need of improving the efficiency by a better coordination among peers and the creation of a system of information that supports decision-making and design of policies.